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Europol Seizes 24 Tons of Illegal Doping Substances and 234 Arrests

Europol seized 24-tons of illegal substances and medicines as part of a joint crackdown on doping in sport.  

Titled Operation Virus, the investigation was led by the Italian NAS Carabinieriand co-led by the Financial Unit of the Hellenic Police (Ελληνική Αστυνομία), which covered Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Denmark, Finland, France, Greece, Germany, Hungary, Ireland,  Latvia, Lithuania,  Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Spain, the United Kingdom, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Colombia, Iceland, North Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Switzerland, Ukraine and the USA, making it the largest joint investigation of its kind. 

“Over the last 20 years, the worldwide trade in anabolic substances has increased significantly. The trade in doping substances is normally decentralised and highly flexible, open to anyone willing to order online or travel to producing countries and buy the substances in bulk from legitimate manufacturers. Mainly the final consumer, often gym fanatics and bodybuilders, determines the patterns of this trafficking. Athletes use anabolic-androgenic steroids and/or substances to improve endurance and performance, to reduce body fat and stimulate muscle growth. However, these substances can severely damage human health. They increase the risk of heart attacks and arteriosclerosis, damage the reproductive system, the liver and the kidneys and increase the risk of cancer,” said Europol in a statement. 

“Animals are also not spared from this dangerous activity. Without much care for the wellbeing of their animals, owners use hormones to intensify breeding, to fatten up farm animals or to enhance performances in sport competitions, especially horse races.”

Shutting down underground labs was one of the main objectives of the operation, wherein no fewer than nine were discovered in European countries, resulting in 24-tons of raw steroid powder being seized.

What is an underground lab?

A clandestine lab for illegal drug production can be set up with relatively few resources or even in a garage. With some guidelines available on the internet, criminals do not need chemical skills to produce extremely toxic doping substances and counterfeit medicines. Usually, organised crime groups run these labs and sell the illegal material on the black market. Individuals can also run smaller labs. The produced doping substances are sold online or in local gyms, sports centres, illegal street shops and local markets.

Additionally, Operation Viribus also carried out 1,357 doping checks across various sports events in the participating countries. 

Doping checks are a routine procedure for any athlete taking part in competitions. The tests usually take place at the end of the competitions (in-competition checks) or during training or friendly games (out-of-competition checks).

According to Europol, it deployed five experts and mobile offices to Hungary and Spain to crosscheck in real-time the data gathered during the course of the operation and provide forensic support. Experts from Europol’s Intellectual Property Crime Coordinated Coalition , funded by the European Union Intellectual Property Office, also supported the activities through open source intelligence reports on websites and accounts trafficking doping materials. The pharmaceutical industry cooperated providing intelligence through the Pharmaceutical Security Institute.

Europol also supported the operational activities with several coordination, strategic and operational meetings, including a Viribus workshop that was held in Budapest, Hungary on May 27-28 to strengthen the joint response of law enforcement authorities, national anti-doping agencies, Eurojust, Europol and WADA to the trafficking in doping substances.

The operation resulted in the seizure of the following: 

  • 3.8 million illicit doping substances and counterfeit medicines seized (seizures included doping substances, dietary supplements, medicines and sport and food supplements)
  • 17 organized groups dismantled
  • 9 underground labs disrupted
  • 234 suspects arrested
  • 839 judicial cases opened
  • Almost 1 000 individuals reported for the production, commerce or use of doping substances

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